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Sudan conflict: US plans $100 million aid response 

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The United States is set to announce an extra $100 million in aid for the conflict in Sudan as Washington continues its attempts to get the rest of the world to help before Monday, which is the anniversary of the war.

Samantha Power, who is the administrator of the US Agency for International Development, said in a statement on Sunday that the extra fund would be used for emergency food aid, nutrition support, and other life-saving aid.

The statement says that Power will ask the warring sides to stop making it hard for aid workers to get to areas that need it and to take part in “good faith negotiations to reach a ceasefire” so that there is no more hunger and suffering.

“A year ago tomorrow, the people of Sudan awoke to a nightmare,” Power said.

The Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and the Sudanese Army (SAF) went to war on April 15, 2023. More than a million people have fled to nearby countries since the terrible war in Sudan began in April 2023. Of the 48,000 people who had to go back to eastern Chad, about 378,000 are Sudanese refugees.

“The warring sides turned bustling neighbourhoods into battle zones, killing thousands, leaving bodies in the streets, and trapping civilians in their homes without adequate food, water, and medicines.”

On April 15, 2023, war broke out in Sudan between the army and the rebel Rapid Support Forces (RSF). The infrastructure of the country was badly damaged.

There have been thousands of deaths of civilians, but figures of the exact number are very sketchy. Both sides have been charged with war crimes.

Millions of people are now severely hungry because of the war, which has also caused the world’s biggest migration crisis and waves of killings and sexual violence based on ethnicity in the Darfur area of western Sudan.

The news that Washington will provide more help comes before a humanitarian meeting in France which is set for Monday. At the conference, the US asked partners from around the world to put the war in Sudan at the top of their list of priorities and provide more money.

“We call on others to join us in increasing support to the people of Sudan and urgently mobilizing additional support for the Sudanese response,” Power said.

The United Nations says 25 million people, or half of Sudan’s population, need help and 8 million have left their homes. The United States says that both sides of the war have broken the law.

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Politics

5 parties now part of South Africa’s unity government— ANC

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South Africa’s ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC), has announced that negotiations with other parties are still underway as the party forms a government with five opposition parties.

The ANC was obliged to form coalitions with other political parties after last month’s election because it was unable to secure a parliamentary majority for the first time since the 1994 election that brought an end to apartheid.

The Democratic Alliance, led by white people and supportive of business, supported ANC leader Cyril Ramaphosa in his reelection as president of South Africa’s parliament on Friday. Two smaller parties, the right-wing Patriotic Alliance and the socially conservative Inkatha Freedom Party, also supported the party.

The ANC said on Monday that GOOD, a smaller party, has also committed to join the unity government agreement. According to an ANC statement, this group holds 273 seats in the National Assembly or 68% of the total.

South Africa’s 400 seats make up its parliament. The IFP has 17 seats, the PA has 9 seats, the DA is the second-largest party with 87 seats, the ANC has 159 seats, and GOOD has one seat. According to the ANC, the unity government would guarantee that all involved parties had representation in government and would reach decisions by consensus.

The ANC stated that the unity government will prioritize land reform, infrastructure development, job creation, fixed capital investment promotion, and quick, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth.

“The president will exercise the prerogative to appoint the cabinet, in consultation with leaders of GNU (government of national unity) parties, adhering to existing protocols on government decision-making and budgeting,” the ANC said, adding it was still in discussions with more parties to join the government.

With 39 seats, the Marxist Economic Freedom Fighters party has declared that it will not serve in a government with the Democratic Alliance (DA) or the Freedom Front Plus, two organizations that receive support from the white minority.

The former president Jacob Zuma’s uMkhonto we Sizwe party is likewise not a member of the unity government. With 58 seats in the National Assembly, it has declared that it will join the EFF and the center-left United Democratic Movement in the “Progressive Caucus,” a group of minor opposition parties in parliament.

The unity government will face official resistance from this alliance.

“With populist parties choosing to reject the GNU, and the ANC’s bigger partners in the governing coalition centre-leaning and favouring more liberal economic policies, we think the GNU opens the possibility for more growth-friendly structural reforms and prudent macroeconomic policy choices,” HSBC economist David Faulkner said in a note.

“But the GNU could also face ideological divisions and exacerbate fractures within the ANC, factors that could make establishing a stable policy framework difficult.”

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Politics

South Africa: Parliament reelects Cyril Ramaphosa as president

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President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa has been re-elected for a second term. He was nominated for re-election on Friday by a member of his African National Congress (ANC) party during the first sitting of parliament following last month’s election.

Julius Malema, the opposition Economic Freedom Fighter, was also put forward for the nation’s presidency, necessitating a vote in parliament to determine the winner.

With a majority of votes in the National Assembly, Chief Justice Ramaphosa was proclaimed president. Julius Malema, the leader of the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters party, received 44 votes, while Ramaphosa received 283.

The Democratic Alliance party said earlier in the day that it would support Ramaphosa in the election as part of a deal to establish a unity government with the African National Congress.

President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa has been re-elected for a second term. He was nominated for re-election on Friday by a member of his African National Congress (ANC) party during the first sitting of parliament following last month’s election.

Out of the 400 seats in the recently elected National Assembly, 246 are held by the ANC and DA.

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