Sudanese coup general threatens to expel UN envoy over interference
The leader of the October 25, 2021, coup in Sudan, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, has threatened to expel the United Nations envoy in the country, Volker Perthes, after accusing him of “unwarranted and flagrant interference” in the country’s internal affairs.
Gen. Burhan who is the head of Sudan’s ruling Sovereign Council (SC), said on Saturday that Perthes had no right to make certain comments on Sudanese affairs after the envoy warned that the country was heading for “an economic and security collapse” unless it addresses the political paralysis.
At a UN Security Council meeting on Monday, Perthes who is leading international efforts on resolving the crisis in the country, had said the “absence of a political agreement on returning to a transitional path has already led to a deteriorating economic, humanitarian and security situation in the country.”
But Gen. Burhan who spoke in the capital Khartoum, at a ceremony for new graduates of Sudan’s Military Academy, called on Perthes to “stop exceeding the U.N. mission’s mandate and blatant interference in Sudanese affairs.”
“To the U.N. envoy, Volker, if you exceeded the mandate, we would kick you out of Sudan,” Gen. Burhan said while addressing the military graduates.
Gen. Burhan also called on the U.N. and the African Union to facilitate a dialogue among Sudanese and avoid exceeding their mandate and interfere in the country’s affairs.
The North-Eastern African country has been the center of turmoil with almost daily protests following the military coup led by Burhan which removed a Western-backed transitional government.
The military takeover had effectively put paid to Sudan’s attempt at a democratic transition after a popular uprising forced the military to remove autocratic President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.
The street protests in Sudan demanding a return to civilian rule have been met by a crackdown on protesters with more than 93 people, mostly young men, killed and thousands injured, as the protesters have been demanding the removal of the military from power and a return to civilian rule.
But the military junta have said they will only hand over power to an elected administration, with elections tentatively fixed for July 2023 as contained in a constitutional document governing the transitional period.
Algeria, Sierra Leone get non-permanent seat at UN Security Council
Algeria and Sierra Leone, have been elected as non-permanent members of the the United Nations’ Security Council for 2024-2025.
The two countries are part of the ten countries elected for two years in the Council outside the five power bloc countries— the United States, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom.
The countries replace Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates and will join Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique and Switzerland who were elected last year.
For Sierra Leone, it’s a return to the council after 53 years. Its Foreign Minister, David Francis said it was “a great day for this small, progressive and confident country…which has successfully transitioned from war to peace.”
Guyana and South Korea were also elected unchallenged while Slovenia handily beat Belarus for the only contested seat.
An official of rights agency, Human Rights Watch, Louis Charbonneau remarked that “the vote in the General Assembly shows why a competition for UN elections is essential” after Slovenia edged Belarus for the seat going to Eastern Europe and obtained 153 votes, against 38 in Belarus.
“UN member states have undoubtedly decided that Belarus’ grave human rights violations at home and attempts to cover up Russian atrocities in Ukraine disqualify it from serving on the Security Council, a crucial body for ensuring human rights. humans,” he added.
Algeria got 184 votes, South Korea 180 votes, Sierra Leone 188 votes and Guyana 191 in a single candidate votes for four seat reserved for Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America/Caribbean.
There has been a long debate about the place of Africa in international relations. At the inception of the United Nations, only four independent African countries represented the continent when 50 representatives of different countries met in San Francisco, California, in 1945 to complete the Charter of the United Nations.
South Africa: Opposition, DA want findings on alleged arms supply to Russia public
South African opposition party, the Democratic Alliance has vowed to challenge the decision by the presidency to keep from the public, findings from recent arm supply allegations.
The follows allegations by United States Ambassador, Reuben Brigety that South Africa provided ammunition to Russia by ship. Brigety said the US was sure that contrary to its public claim of being non-aligned in the Russia/Ukraine crisis, South Africa supplied arms to Vladimir Putin’s army in December.
Following the allegation, President Ramaphosa launched an investigation to be conducted by an independent body which will be led by retired Deputy Justice Phineas Mojapelo, advocate Leah Gcabashe, and former justice minister Enver Surty. Meanwhile, his spokesperson, Vincent Magwenya said the government would withhold the panel’s findings.
Magwenya said the terms of reference for the inquiry would not be gazetted or published.
“The investigation covers issues of national security and classified information, which is protected from disclosure,” he said.
“This inquiry has been instituted in a similar manner to the inquiry that investigated the July 2021 riots in KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng and the value of its report remains unchallenged.
“The panel will be supported in gathering the information that is necessary to fulfil its mandate by letters from the president instructing all relevant government entities as identified by the panel to cooperate fully with the panel or face disciplinary sanction,” he said.
“The work of the panel will not be public, nor will its report be made public. The president will speak to any actions that may result with respect to national security. This is provided for within our secrecy laws as per the nature of this matter,” he added.
In a statement, the DA said it would not ” leave this secrecy unchallenged. We have already submitted an application under the Promotion of Access to Information Act to obtain a copy of the panel’s terms of reference. And we are obtaining legal advice to challenge Ramaphosa’s plan to hide the report once it is complete.”
The party leader, John Steenhuisen argued that keeping the report private “undermines the ability of prosecutors and the public to hold guilty parties accountable for any such violations of the law”.
“Hiding this report from public view will rob the people of South Africa – and of the world – of the opportunity to see the full facts of this matter.
“Refusing to disclose the complete picture of how the ANC-led government allegedly smuggled weapons to arm Russia’s war in Ukraine and various parts of Africa will also undermine the very purpose of the investigation.”
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