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Eritrea, Somalia resume diplomatic ties

The presidents of Somalia and Eritrea on Monday signed an agreement to establish diplomatic ties after over a decade of animosity, in the latest lightning rapprochement between Horn of Africa rivals

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The presidents of Somalia and Eritrea on Monday signed an agreement to establish diplomatic ties after over a decade of animosity, in the latest lightning rapprochement between Horn of Africa rivals.

“The two countries will establish diplomatic relations and exchange ambassadors,” read a “joint declaration on brotherly relations” signed in Asmara by Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Mohamed.

The declaration came just three weeks after Ethiopia and Eritrea declared an end to two decades of conflict, rapidly restoring diplomatic ties and flights between their capitals.

The history of the three nations, and their fallouts, have been intertwined.

Read Also: Mugabe won’t vote for the party he helped form. Why it may not count

Somalia and Eritrea were once close. Under Somali dictator Siad Barre, the military regime in Mogadishu backed Eritrea’s long fight for independence from Ethiopia, which was attained in 1993.
In 1998 Ethiopia and Eritrea began a bloody two-year war over their shared border which left 80,000 dead before settling into a bitter cold war.

After the fall of Barre in 1991, Somalia fell into chaos.
By around 2006, it became the site of what observers called a proxy war between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Ethiopia backed a weak interim government in Mogadishu while Eritrea was accused of backing the Islamic militants fighting to overthrow it, a charge it denied.

Politics

Somaliland electoral body, SLNEC, postpones presidential election. Here’s why

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Somaliland has postponed its presidential elections to next year from its initial scheduled date in November.

The region’s electoral body, Somaliland National Electoral Commission (SLNEC) made the revelation on Saturday.

The poll will now be held in nine months from October – or next July – because the currently scheduled date of Nov. 13 “is not viable due to time, technical and financial constraints,” SLNEC tweeted on Saturday.

 

There were deadly protests in the region in August with demonstrators demanding elections be held in November when President Abdi’s term will end.

The protest came out amid suspicions President Muse Bihi Abdi wanted to delay the poll and extend his term.

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Chad pushes for Africa’s permanent seat at UN’s Security Council

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Chad, a country in Central Africa is pushing for a representation of the continent in the United Nations Security Council as a permanent member.

Chad’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Awatif El Tidjani Ahmed Koiboro, on Friday said Africa’s inclusion into the Security Council would “correct a historic injustice” and help countries in the G5 Sahel.

“On the reform of the Security Council, the body responsible for peace and international security, Chad once again urges member states to move from rhetoric to action in order to achieve the said reform and correct the historic injustice towards the African continent, which excludes it from full and equal participation in this body.” She said.

“Regarding the internal situation of the G5 Sahel, which recorded the departure of the sister Republic of Mali, we regret this withdrawal,” said Mss Koiboro.

“Because Mali is a founding member of this organization. It has its place by our side.

“We will not be able to defeat terrorism, stabilize and develop the Sahel, without a common fight and pooling of resources.

“We hope that our Malian brothers will reconsider their decision and rejoin our common organization. The door of the G5 Sahel is always wide open to welcome them.

The push for a permanent seat at the UNSC has lasted for some time, countries like South Africa and specifically Nigeria have already demanded two permanent seats be allocated on the UN Security Council to Africa. How soon will the seat come?

The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

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