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Angolan main opposition party seeks annulment of August 24 election

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Angola’s main opposition party, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), has called for annulment of the August 24 election which the ruling People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), was declared winner by the electoral commission.

The former rebel group filed a case with the constitutional court on Thursday seeking the annulment of election citing several cases of infractions and electoral malpractices.

The election which was the closest in the history of the country since its independence from Portugal in 1975, saw the ex-Marxist MPLA which has been in power for over five decades now, win by a slight margin of 51% while its longtime opponent and former civil war enemy, UNITA, notching 44%, its best result ever.

The election result also gave President Joao Lourenco a second term in office after he took over from the late Jose Dos Santos in 2017.

Since the release of the election result, UNITA has repeatedly said it would not recognise the results of the vote, citing discrepancies between the commission’s count and the party’s own tally.

“The MPLA did not win the election… we have been in peace for 20 years, and we now need to embrace a true democratic rule of law,” UNITA leader and Presidential candidate, Adalberto Costa Junior, said on Thursday in an address to the nation.

Costa Junior said he expected the constitutional court and the commission to do their jobs by comparing their vote count with the party’s tally, which has yet to be fully released.

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Lesotho to hold parliamentary election as political instability rages

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Southern African nation, Lesotho will hold its parliamentary elections on Friday despite political instability rocking the country following the inability of politicians to pass constitutional reforms meant to end years of conflicts.

The ruling All Basotho Convention (ABC) which has been in power in the country since 2017, has continued to battle with internal divisions within the party which led to the appointment of two prime ministers in five years.

One of the prime ministers, Thomas Thabane, stepped down in 2020 after he was charged with the murder of his ex-wife.

His successor, Moeketsi Majoro, declared a state of emergency in August this year after legislators failed to pass two bills meant to end political volatility in parliament.

But in September, Lesotho’s highest court ruled the declaration unconstitutional.

The proposed constitutional reforms would have amended everything from the role of political parties, to rules over floor-crossing in parliament, the appointment of senior officials and the role of the prime minister.

The aim of the proposed reforms, according to the Prime Minister, was to make Lesotho less prone to political logjams when disagreements occur but the lawmakers had failed to agree on them.

The general elections scheduled to be held in on October 7, will see the election of120 members of the National Assembly and the Lower House of Assembly.

According to the guidelines for the elections, the 120 members of the National Assembly will be elected using the mixed-member proportional representation system, with voters casting two votes.

Eighty members are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting, with the remaining 40 elected from a single nationwide constituency as leveling seats, which are allocated to make seat totals reflect the national vote share.

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President Tshisekedi of Congo DR appoints new military chiefs amidst growing unrest

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The presidency in the Democratic Republic of Congo has replaced the head of the armed forces as part of broader military reforms aimed at boosting efficiency.

President Felix Tshisekedi appointed Christian Tshiwewe Songhesha, former commander of the Republican Guard, an elite unit in charge of protecting the head of state.

Songhesha replaces Célestin Mbala Musense as the army chief of staff, the government said in a statement late on Monday.

The president’s deputy director of communications, Giscard Kusema, told journalists that the wave of appointments is part of a broader framework of military reform.

He further revealed that “almost the entire staff has been replaced by young officers. Several are from the Republican Guard, but not all, and that’s because they have proven themselves.”

“For years, all the experts have been asking for a military programming law that gives more financial autonomy to the army and flexibility in procedures,” Kusema added.

Congo is one of the troubled zones of East Africa. between 1998 and 2003, government forces supported by Angola, Namibia, and Zimbabwe fought rebels backed by Rwanda and Uganda in what is known as the Second Congo War.

Unfortunately, the wave of unrest does not seem to be over as the country remains a territory for terror acts with multiple attacks lately.

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